Bloom’s Taxonomy Notes

What is Bloom’s Taxonomy?

  • Learning objectives is an important responsibility of teachers
  • Learning objectives-specific statements of what students should know be able to do and understand at the end of a lesson
    • They describe outcomes NOT activities
    • Written in a specific and purposeful way
    • SMART
      • Specific
      • Measurable
      • Attainable
      • Relevant and result-oriented
      • Time-bound
    • Should be specific-description of what should be learned
  • Use ‘bloom’ words to create learning objectives
    • Make sure you use specific words that are effective (action verbs)
(Bloom’s Taxonomy verb wheel)
(examples of learning objectives using SMART)

More Notes

  • Created in 1956 by Benjamin Bloom (educational Psychologist)
  • Multi-tiered model of classifying thinking according to six cognitive domains are used to create learning objectives
    • Remembering-retrieving, recognizing and recalling knowledge (ex. define, identify, label, list)
    • Understanding-construct information from oral, written and graphic messages (ex. compare, discuss, explain, summarize)
    • Applying-involves carrying out or using a procedure through executing or implementing (ex. calculate, compute, manipulate, solve)
    • Analyzing-deals with breaking material into constituent parts or relate to one another (ex. distinguish, analyze, differentiate, investigate)
    • Evaluating-has the learner making judgements based on criteria and standards (ex. argue, concluded, critique, test)
    • Creating-or putting elements together to form a functional whole (ex. construct, design, invent, produce)
  • It begins with lower order thinking skills and they need prerequisite knowledge before moving up a level
  • Lower level is usually in the remembering/understanding stage where higher level is usually in the evaluating/creating stage (but all courses should have a variety in each stage)
  • How to write a learning objective?
    • Step 1-start with the stem sentence (After this module, you will be able to:)
    • Step 2-determine the learning outcome
    • Step 3-consult the Bloom’s Wheel to select the appropriate level and verb
    • Step 4-write the verb and learning outcome into a statement that, when combined with the stem, forms a complete sentence (Classify learning objectives within the six cognitive domains of Bloom’s Taxonomy)
  • Learning objectives are measurable, observable statements of what students will be able to do at the end of a unit of learning
  • Bloom’s taxonomy is a powerful tool to help develop learning objectives because it explains the process of learning:
    • Before you can understand a concept, you must remember it.
    • To apply a concept you must first understand it.
    • In order to evaluate a process, you must have analyzed it.
    • To create an accurate conclusion, you must have completed a thorough evaluation.
  • DO NOT use verbs like (understand, know, appreciate, become familiar with, learn or be aware of) because they are too vague

(the 6 cognitive domains)
(the 6 cognitive domains)

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